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A Grammar of Maonan - 
      Tian Qiao Lu

A Grammar of Maonan

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FAKTA
Utgitt:
Forlag: Universal Publishers
Innbinding: Paperback
Språk: Engelsk
Sider: 428
ISBN: 9781599429717
Format: 23 x 15 cm
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Author's Prefacexi
Acknowledgemesxv
Abbreviations and Symbolsxvii




Illustrations

xxv




Introduction

33(42)




The Language and Its Speakers

33(5)




Group name and language name

33(3)




Population

36(2)




Habitat

38(6)




Geographic setting

38(1)




History

39(3)




Economy

42(2)




Sociolinguistic Situation

44(3)




Culture

47(24)




Food

47(1)




Festivals

48(1)




Folk art

49(1)




Religion

50(2)




Marriage

52(3)




Kinship

55(11)




Funerals

66(1)




Customs

67(2)




Costumes

69(1)




Architecture

69(1)




Taboos

70(1)




Social Structure

71(4)




Administrative Structure

71(1)




Education

72(3)




The Sound System of Maonan

75(44)




Introduction

75(1)




Sound Inventory

75(1)




Consonants

75(6)




Simple initial consonants

75(3)




Complex initial consonants

78(3)




Zero initials

81(1)




Vowels

81(2)




Simple vowels

81(1)




Diphthongs

82(1)




Finals

83(5)




Syllable Structure

88(2)




Tonal System

90(17)




The relationship between initials and tones

93(1)




Complementary distribution of pre-nasalized stops and pre-glottalized stops

93(7)




A new tone

100(1)




Tone Sandhi

101(4)




Suprafixation

105(2)




Segmental Mutation

107(1)




Comparative Phonology Between Maonan and Other Kam-Tai Languages

108(3)




Phonology of Chinese Loans

111(6)




Phonology of words related to Middle Chinese

112(2)




Words related to Modern Chinese

114(3)




Sound Change in Progress

117(1)




Summary of Chapter

117(2)




Word Formation and Morphological Processes in Maonan

119(50)




Introduction

119(1)




Affixation

119(32)




Prefixation

120(26)




Suffixation

146(5)




Reduplication

151(2)




Reduplication or echo classifiers or nouns

152(1)




Reduplication of verbs

153(1)




Disyllabic Monomorphemic Words

153(1)




Compounding

154(12)




Syntax and morphology

155(7)




Semantic analysis

162(4)




Summary of Chapter

166(3)




A Functional Typological Sketch of Maonan Syntax

169(54)




Introduction

169(1)




Word Order

169(8)




Clause

169(1)




Phrasal attributives

170(7)




Interrogatives

177(14)




Special questions

178(3)




General questions

181(2)




Alternative questions

183(7)




Tag questions

190(1)




Negation

191(2)




Imperative

193(4)




Affirmative imperative

194(1)




The ?na:k7 imperative

194(1)




Negative imperative

195(1)




Imperative particles

196(1)




Comparative Constructions

197(8)




Prepositive standard

198(1)




Postpositive standard

199(1)




Comparison without a comparative marker

200(2)




Comparison without a standard

202(3)




Superlative constructions

205(1)




Relative Clause

205(5)




Postmodifying relative clauses

205(2)




Syntactic ambiguity

207(3)




Premodifying relative clauses

210(1)




Existential Sentences

210(4)




Purposive and Resultative Constructions

214(6)




Purposive construction

214(3)




Resultative constructions

217(3)




The Manner Marker ?a:u1

220(1)




Summary of Chapter

221(2)




Grammatical Relations

223(48)




Introduction

223(1)




Unrestricted Neutralization of Semantic Roles

223(1)




Nominative/Accusative Markings of Classifier Reduplicates

224(1)




Subject and Object

225(3)




Subject and Topic

228(7)




Interrelationship between subject and topic

229(4)




Interrelationship between topicalization and topic

233(2)




Passivity

235(4)




Passive meaning without a passive marker

235(2)




Passive markers

237(2)




Transitivity

239(7)




Monotransitive clause

240(2)




Ditransitive clause

242(1)




Intransitive clause

243(1)




Special intransitive clause: zerovalent verb

244(2)




Serial Verbs

246(7)




Relation between N1 and V1 and V2

247(1)




Relation between N2 and V1 and V2

248(1)




Relation between the VPs in serial verb construction

249(4)




Causative Construction

253(2)




Disposal Construction

255(7)




Information Structure

262(7)




The focus marker ko3

262(5)




Emphatic construction and cleft construction

267(2)




Summary of Chapter

269(2)




Tense, Aspects and Related Grammatical Operations

271(38)




Introduction

271(1)




Tense

271(1)




Aspects

272(16)




The perfect

272(1)




The perfect and current relevance

273(3)




The tentative aspect

276(2)




The durative aspect

278(5)




The experiential aspect

283(2)




The successive aspect

285(3)




Inceptive aspect

288(1)




Clause Final Particles

288(17)




Monosyllabic particles

289(13)




Disyllabic particles

302(3)




Summary of Chapter

305(4)




Grammaticalization and Lexicalization

309(36)




Introduction

309(1)




Grammaticalization

309(19)




From verb to aspect marker

310(5)




From verbs to manner and case markers

315(4)




Coalescence

319(2)




From verb to complement marker: vε4 'make, do'

321(1)




From verb to benefactive and passive marker: ?na:k7 'give'

322(3)




From noun to nominal prefix

325(2)




From adjective to adverb: sεu5 'clean' > 'completely, entirely'

327(1)




Lexicalization

328(15)




From adverbial phrase to monosyllabic adverb denoting negative condition: kam3ja:i6 → kam3

329(1)




From jaη6ka5 'like that' to clause linker ga6

330(1)




From 'brave' to 'be good at': jocη1

331(1)




From 'listen' to 'think': ?ni3

332(1)




From demonstrative 'this' to temporal adverb: na:i6

333(1)




Body parts and emotions

334(3)




'Face' and 'back': from spatial to temporal concepts

337(1)




Shift of pronoun category: nda:u1 = se1

338(2)




Formulaic language

340(3)




Summary of Chapter

343(2)




Conclusion

345(8)




The Language and Its Speakers

345(1)




Phonology

346(1)




Word Formation

347(1)




Maonan Syntax

347(2)




Grammatical Relations

349(1)




Tense and Aspects

350(1)




Grammaticalization and Lexicalization

350(1)




Future Directions

351(2)




APPENDIX I: TRANSCRIPTION OF MAONAN STORIES

353(48)




The Man Who Fears Meat

353(6)




The Monster Grandma

359(14)




Rubbing Lips With Ham

373(6)




Tiger and Fox

379(7)




Gold Axe

386(15)




APPENDIX II: MAONAN SONG SAMPLES

401(4)




Song of Welcome

401(1)




Song of Toast

402(1)




Song of Farewell

403(2)
References405(6)
Index411