Godless Fictions in the Eighteenth Century
Although there were no self-avowed
British atheists before the 1780s, authors including Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, Sarah Fielding, Phebe Gibbes, and William
Cowper worried extensively about atheism's dystopian possibilities, and routinely represented atheists as being beyond the
pale of human sympathy. Challenging traditional formulations of secularization that equate modernity with unbelief, Reeves
reveals how reactions against atheism rather helped sustain various forms of religious belief throughout the Age of Enlightenment.
He demonstrates that hostility to unbelief likewise produced various forms of religious ecumenicalism, with authors depicting
non-Christian theists from around Britain's emerging empire as sympathetic allies in the fight against irreligion. Godless
Fictions in the Eighteenth Century traces a literary history of atheism in eighteenth-century Britain for the first time,
revealing a relationship between atheism and secularization far more fraught than has previously been supposed.
An age of atheism; 1. A complete system of atheism: Jonathan Swift; 2. Godless dunces: Alexander Pope; 3. The limits of self:
Sarah Fielding; 4. Gender and the Orient: Phebe Gibbes; 5. Ecumenical poetics: William Cowper; 6. Sympathy and unbelief: Percy
Documents eighteenth-century literary representations of atheism, arguing that opposition to atheism generated
unique forms of religious belief.