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Collapse and Transformation - 
      Guy D. Middleton

Collapse and Transformation

The Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age in the Aegean

Guy D. Middleton (Redaktør)

The years c. 1250 to 1150 BC in Greece and the Aegean are often characterised as a time of crisis and collapse. A critical period in the long history of the region and its people and culture, they witnessed the end of the Mycenaean kingdoms, with their palaces and Linear B records, and, through the Postpalatial period, the transition into the Early Iron Age. Les mer
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The years c. 1250 to 1150 BC in Greece and the Aegean are often characterised as a time of crisis and collapse. A critical period in the long history of the region and its people and culture, they witnessed the end of the Mycenaean kingdoms, with their palaces and Linear B records, and, through the Postpalatial period, the transition into the Early Iron Age. But, on closer examination, it has become increasingly clear that the period as a whole, across the region, defies simple characterisation – there was success and splendour, resilience and continuity, and novelty and innovation, actively driven by the people of these lands through this transformative century.

The story of the Aegean at this time has frequently been incorporated into narratives focused on the wider eastern Mediterranean, and most infamously the ‘Sea Peoples’ of the Egyptian texts. In twenty-four chapters written by specialists, Collapse and Transformation instead offers a tight focus on the Aegean itself, providing an up-to date picture of the archaeology ‘before’ and ‘after’ ‘the collapse’ of c. 1200 BC. It will be essential reading for students and scholars of the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean regions, as well as providing data and a range of interpretations to those studying collapse and resilience more widely and engaging in comparative studies.

Introductory chapters discuss notions of collapse, and provide an overview the Mycenaean collapse. These are followed by twelve chapters, which review the evidence from the major regions of the Aegean, including the Argolid, Messenia, and Boeotia, Crete, and the Aegean islands. Six chapters then address key themes: the economy, funerary practices, the Mycenaean pottery of the mainland and the wider Aegean and eastern Mediterranean region, religion, and the extent to which later Greek myth can be drawn upon as evidence or taken to reflect any historical reality. The final four chapters provide a wider context for the Aegean story, surveying the eastern Mediterranean, including Cyprus and the Levant, and the themes of subsistence and warfare.
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Utgitt:
Forlag: Oxbow Books
Innbinding: Innbundet
Språk: Engelsk
ISBN: 9781789254259
Format: 28 x 22 cm
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«…reading this book from beginning to end is an intellectually rewarding experience for anyone looking for sociopolitical, economic and cultural history in material remains.»

Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Preface
Contributors
Note on terms and chronology
Map of the Aegean

Introducing collapse
Guy D. Middleton

2. Mycenaean collapse(s) c. 1200 BC
Guy D. Middleton

3. The destruction of Mycenaean centres in eastern Thessaly
Vasiliki Adrymi-Sismani

4. Mycenaean Achaea before and after the collapse
Emiliano Arena

5. Chaos is a ladder: First Corinthians climbing - The end of the Mycenaean Age at Corinthia
Eleni Balomenou

6. LH IIIC and Submycenaean Laconia
Chrysanthi Gallou

7. Collapse at the end of the Late Bronze Age in the Aegean
Mercourios Georgiadis

8. Messenia
Julie A. Hruby

9. The Euboean Gulf
Margaretha Kramer-Hajos

10. Growth and turmoil in the thirteenth century in Crete
Charlotte Langohr

11. East Lokris-Phokis
Antonia Livieratou

12. Glas and Boeotia
Christofilis Maggidis

13. The Argolid
Tobias Mühlenbruch

14. Collapse and transformation in Athens and Attica
Robin Osborne

15. Continuities and changes in Mycenaean burial practices after the collapse of the palace system
Peta Bulmer

16. The Irrelevance of Greek "Tradition"
Oliver Dickinson

17. Continuity and change in religious practice from the Late Bronze Age to the Iron Age
Susan Lupack

18. LHIIIC pottery and destruction in the East Aegean-West Anatolian Interface, Cilicia, Cyprus and coastal Levant
Penelope A. Mountjoy

19. The changing economy
Sarah C. Murray

20. Late Palatial vs. Early Post-Palatial Mycenaean pottery (c. 1250-1150 BCE): Ceramic change during an episode of cultural collapse and regeneration
Jeremy B. Rutter

21. Beyond the Aegean: Consideration of the LBA collapse in the eastern Mediterranean
Eric H. Cline

22. Catastrophe revisited
Robert Drews

23. Cyprus: Bronze Age demise, Iron Age regeneration
A. Bernard Knapp and Nathan Meyer

24. Economies in crisis: Subsistence and landscape technology in the Aegean and east Mediterranean after c. 1200 BC
Saro Wallace
Guy D. Middleton is a Senior Researcher in the Czech Institute of Egyptology, Charles University, Prague, and a Visiting Fellow in the School of History, Classics and Archaeology at Newcastle University. His PhD on the Mycenaean collapse c. 1200 BC was completed at Durham University; he has a BA (Hons) in Ancient History and Archaeology and an MA in Museum Studies from Newcastle University.