This book presents a collection of chapters, which address various contexts and challenges of the idea of human enhancement
for the purposes of human space missions. The authors discuss pros and cons of mostly biological enhancement of human astronauts
operating in hostile space environments, but also ethical and theological aspects are addressed. In contrast to the idea and
program of human enhancement on Earth, human enhancement in space is considered a serious and necessary option. This book
aims at scholars in the following fields: ethics and philosophy, space policy, public policy, as well as biologists and psychologists.