Thomas Crawford (1813-1857) was the first American sculptor to study in Italy for an extended period of time. There, along
with other artists-Greenough, Story, and Powers-he was part of a group that made prolific contributions to American neoclassical
art. He is best known as the sculptor of much of the statuary and bas-reliefs of our nationAEs Capitol: the pediment figures
over the Senate and of the House of Representatives, and the bronze Freedom atop the CapitolAEs dome. In writing this biography,
Robert Gale was given exclusive access to all of CrawfordAEs personal papers by the sculptorAEs granddaughter. An appendix
lists extant works of Crawford and where they are found, and several plates illustrate his sculpture.