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Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean

; Ricardo Paes De Barros ; Francisco Ferreira ; Jamie Chanduvi

Equality of opportunity is about leveling the playing field so that circumstances such as gender, ethnicity, place of birth, or family background do not influence a person s life chances. Success in life should depend on people s choices, effort and talents, not to their circumstances at birth. Les mer
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Paperback
Legg i
Paperback
Legg i
Vår pris: 371,-

(Paperback) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Usikker levering*
*Vi bestiller varen fra forlag i utlandet. Dersom varen finnes, sender vi den så snart vi får den til lager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Om boka

Equality of opportunity is about leveling the playing field so that circumstances such as gender, ethnicity, place of birth, or family background do not influence a person s life chances. Success in life should depend on people s choices, effort and talents, not to their circumstances at birth. 'Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean' introduces new methods for measuring inequality of opportunities and makes an assessment of its evolution in Latin America over a decade. An innovative Human Opportunity Index and other parametric and non-parametric techniques are presented for quantifying inequality based on circumstances exogenous to individual efforts. These methods are applied to gauge inequality of opportunities in access to basic services for children, learning achievement for youth, and income and consumption for adults."

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Acknowledgments; Executive Summary; Introduction; Inequality in Latin America; Which Kind of Inequality Matters?; Equality of Opportunities; Why is This Relevant for Policy?; Empirical Framework; PART I: INEQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITIES: WHAT IT IS, HOW TO MEARSURE IT AND WHY IT MATTERS; What is Inequality of Opportunity?; How Can Inequality of Opportunity Be Measured?; Why Should We Be Concerned With Inequality of Opportunity?; What Does This Analysis Mean for Policy?; PART II: INEQUALITY OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY IN SEVEN LATIN AMERICA; The data; Inequality of Opportunity for Earnings; Inequality of Opportunity for Household Welfare; The Opportunity Profile: Identifying the Least Advantaged Groups; Summary; PART III: INEQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY IN EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT IN FIVE LATIN AMERICA COUNTRIES; The Data; Inequality of Opportunity in Educational Achievements; Is Inequality of Opportunity Larger in Latin American; Countries Than in OECD Countries?; An Opportunity Profile for Education; Summary; PART IV: MEARSURING INEQUALITY OF BASIC OPPORTUNITIES FOR CHILDREN; Measuring Inequality of Basic Opportunities for Children; Basic Opportunities in the Case of Children; The Data, Selected Opportunities, and Circumstances; National Estimates of Inequality of Opportunities among Children; Children's Inequality of Opportunities Profiles; Decomposing Changes in Inequality of Opportunity over Time; Summary; PART V: AN INDEX OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR CHILDREN; From Inequality of Opportunity to an Opportunity Index for Children; Empirical Results from 19 LAC Countries; Children Educational Opportunities; Children's Opportunities in Access to Water and Sanitation; Children's Opportunities in Access to Electricity; A Summary Index of Opportunities to Rank Countries; The Opportunity Index and Economic Performance; Summary and Conclusions.

Om forfatteren

RICARDO PAES DE BARROS holds a PhD in Economics from the University of Chicago and a Post PhD from the International Growth Center at Yale University, USA. Since 1979, he has been a researcher at the Instituto de Pesquisa Economica Aplicada (IPEA) where he has been conducting research on inequality, education, poverty, and labor markets in Brazil and Latin America. He has been a visiting professor at Yale University and a Director of Social Studies of IPEA. He has been awarded the Haralambos Simedionis and Mario Henrique Simonsen prizes, and admitted by the President of Brazil, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva into the Ordem Nacional do Merito Cientifico. FRANSISCO H. G. FERREIRA is a Lead Economist with the Development Research Group at the World Bank and has published widely on both theoretical and empirical issues related to inequality. Chico (as he is known) is a coeditor of the Journal of Economic Inequality and a former editor of Economia (the journal of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA). He was a codirector of the team that wrote the World Development Report 2006, on equity and develo