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New Studies in Deontic Logic

Norms, Actions, and the Foundations of Ethics

R. Hilpinen (Redaktør)

Serie: Synthese Library 152

The present volume is a sequel to Deontic Logic: Introductory and Systematic Readings (D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht 1971): its purpose is to offer a view of some of the main directions of research in contemporary deontic logic. Les mer
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The present volume is a sequel to Deontic Logic: Introductory and Systematic Readings (D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht 1971): its purpose is to offer a view of some of the main directions of research in contemporary deontic logic. Most of the articles included in Introductory and Systematic Readings represent what may be called the standard modal approach to deontic logic, in which de on tic logic is treated as a branch of modal logic, and the normative concepts of obligation, permission and prohibition are regarded as analogous to the "alethic" modalities necessity, possibility and impossibility. As Simo Knuuttila shows in his contribution to the present volume, this approach goes back to late medieval philosophy. Several 14th century philosophers observed the analogies between deontic and alethic modalities and discussed the deontic interpretations of various laws of modal logic. In contemporary deontic logic the modal approach was revived by G. H. von Wright's classic paper 'Deontic Logic' (1951). Certain analogies between deontic and alethic modalities are obvious and uncontroversial, but the standard approach has often been criticized on the ground that it exaggerates the analogies and tends to ignore those features of normative concepts which distinguish them from other modalities.

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Innholdsfortegnelse

I. Deontic Logic, the logic of Action, and Deontic Paradoxes.- On the Logic of Norms and Actions.- The Paradoxes of Deontic Logic: The Simplest Solution to All of Them in One Fell Swoop.- Quantificational Reefs in Deontic Waters.- II. Norms and Conflicts of Norms.- The Expressive Conception of Norms.- Hierarchies of Regulations and Their Logic.- Non-Kripkean Deontic Logic.- III. Deontic Logic and Tense Logic.- Deontic Logic as Founded on Tense Logic.- Deontic Logic and the Role of Freedom in Moral Deliberation.- Some Theorems about a "Tree" System of Deontic Tense Logic.- IV. History of Deontic Logic.- The Emergence of Deontic Logic in the Fourteenth Century.- Notes on Contributors.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.