Meny
 

Novel Concepts, Systems and Technology for Sludge Management in Emergency and Slum Settings

Management of sludge is one of the most pressing issues in sanitation provision. The situation is especially complex when large quantities of fresh sludge containing various contaminants are generated in onsite sanitation systems in urban slums, emergency settlements and wastewater treatment facilities that require proper disposal of the sludge. Les mer
Vår pris
1130,-

(Paperback) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Paperback
Legg i
Paperback
Legg i
Vår pris: 1130,-

(Paperback) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Om boka

Management of sludge is one of the most pressing issues in sanitation provision. The situation is especially complex when large quantities of fresh sludge containing various contaminants are generated in onsite sanitation systems in urban slums, emergency settlements and wastewater treatment facilities that require proper disposal of the sludge. The application of fast and efficient sludge management methods is important under these conditions.


This study focused on the development of an innovative sludge treatment unit that is based on the microwave irradiation technology. The technology provides a rapid and efficient option for sludge treatment in isolated conditions such as slum, emergency, and similar situations. The microwave based technology forms part of the eSOS (emergency sanitation operation system) concept that promotes an integrated sanitation approach in which all components of the entire sanitation chain are planned holistically. Besides, the study addresses the deficiencies associated with the poor choice of emergency sanitation technology options by proposing a methodology that is based on compensatory multi-criteria analysis.


This study contributes in providing solutions towards improved sanitation in complex scenarios, especially the management of faecal sludge in emergency and slum conditions.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 General introduction
1.2 Sanitation in emergency situations
1.3 Challenges in emergency faecal sludge management and the need for alternative technology options
1.4 Aim and scope of the thesis
1.5 Research hypotheses
1.6 Objectives
1.7 Outline
References


Chapter 2 Emergency sanitation: A review of potential technologies and selection criteria
Abstract
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Challenges in emergency sanitation
2.3 Sanitation options for faecal sludge and wastewater disposal in emergencies
2.4 Selection of sanitation technologies in emergency response
2.5 Conclusions and recommendations
References


Chapter 3 Innovative approaches to emergency sanitation: The concept of the emergency sanitation operation system - eSOS (R)
Abstract
3.1 Introduction
3.2 eSOS (R)
3.3 eSOS (R) kit
3.4 eSOS (R) smart toilets
3.5 Intelligent faecal sludge collection vehicles tracking system
3.6 Faecal sludge treatment facility
3.7 Emergency sanitation coordination centre
3.8 eSOS (R) operation
3.9 Costs and eSOS business model
3.10 Concluding remarks
Acknowledgments
References


Chapter 4 Microwave technology as a viable sanitation technology option for sludge treatment
4.1 The microwave technology
4.2 Microwave heating system
4.3 Principles of microwave technology
4.4 Mechanisms of microwave heating
4.5 State of art of microwave application in waste treatment
4.6 Conclusions and recommendations
References


Chapter 5 Evaluation of a microwave based reactor for the treatment of blackwater sludge
Abstract
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Materials and methods
5.3 Results
5.4 Discussion
5.5 Conclusions and recommendations
Acknowledgments
References


Chapter 6 Microwave treatment of faecal sludge from intensively used toilets in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya
Abstract
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Materials and methods
6.3 Results
6.4 Discussion
6.5 Conclusions and recommendations
Acknowledgments
References


Chapter 7 Design, development and evaluation of a pilot-scale microwave based technology for sludge sanitization and drying
Abstract
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The concept
7.3 Research approach
7.4 Validation, design, development and production
7.5 Preliminary experimental tests and improvements
7.6 Evaluation of pilot-scale microwave reactor unit version 3
7.7 Materials and methods
7.8 Results and discussion
7.9 Conclusions
Acknowledgments
References


Chapter 8 Conclusions and outlook
8.1 Conclusions
8.2 General outlook
References

Om forfatteren