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Handbook of OPEC and the Global Energy Order

Past, Present and Future Challenges

Dag Harald Claes (Redaktør) ; Giuliano Garavini (Redaktør)

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), celebrating its 60th anniversary in 2020, is one of the most recognizable acronyms in international politics. The organization has undergone decades of changing importance, from political irrelevance to the spotlight of world attention and back; and from economic boom for its members to deep political and financial crisis. Les mer
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Om boka

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), celebrating its 60th anniversary in 2020, is one of the most recognizable acronyms in international politics. The organization has undergone decades of changing importance, from political irrelevance to the spotlight of world attention and back; and from economic boom for its members to deep political and financial crisis.





This handbook, with chapters provided by scholars and analysts from different backgrounds and specializations, discusses and analyzes the history and development of OPEC, its global importance, and the role it has played, and still plays, in the global energy market. Part I focuses on the relationship between OPEC and its member states. Part II examines the relationship between OPEC and its customers, the consuming countries and their governments, while Part III addresses the relationship between OPEC and its competitors and potential partners, the non-OPEC producers, and the international oil companies. The final section, Part IV, looks at OPEC and the governance of international energy.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

OPEC and the Global Energy Order, Past, Present and Future Challenges
Dag Harald Claes and Giuliano Garavini








Part I: OPEC and the Member Countries












Oilmen, Petroleum Arabism and OPEC: New Political and Public Cultures of Oil in the Arab World, 1959-64



Nelida Fuccaro









Saudi Arabia's Role in OPEC's Evolution: OPEC and the Global Energy Order from its Origins to the Present Time



Majid Al-Moneef









Trade not Aid: OPEC and its Contribution towards Restructuring the Iranian Economy in the 1960s



Touraj Atabaki









Algeria and OPEC



Hocine Malti









From Norm Entrepreneur to a Reluctant Overachiever: Venezuela in the History of OPEC



Antulio Rosales









Nigeria and the Uncertain Future of the Oil Market



Michael Olorunfemi











Part II: OPEC and Consuming Countries









Be Prepared! Emergency Stockpiles of Oil Among Western Consumer Countries prior to the International Energy Agency System



Hans Otto Froland, Mats Ingulstad









Talking about OPEC without Talking to OPEC? The (Non-)Relationship between the International Energy Agency and OPEC from 1974-90



Henning Turk









How OPEC Made the G-7: Western Coordination in the Wake of the 'Oil Shock'



Federico Romero









The US Response to OPEC



Victor McFarland









OPEC and China: From Ideological Support to Economic Cooperation



Bao Maohong









The European Communities and OPEC: from Entangled International Organizations to Liberalism (1960s-80s)



Yves Bouvier, Alain Beltran











Part III: OPEC, non-OPEC and the International Oil Companies









The Changing Relationship Between OPEC Countries and International Oil Companies: The Dynamics of Bargaining Power in an Evolving Market



Carole Nakhle, Francesco Petrini









Ignoring, Countering and Undercutting OPEC: Britain, BP, Shell and the Shifting Global Energy Order (1960-86)



Jonathan R. Kuiken









Consumer Countries, Producer Countries and the International Oil Industry: Italy's Role in the Evolution of Oil Contracts (1955-75)



Elisabetta Bini, Marta Musso









Between the Superpower and Third-Worldism: Mexico and OPEC (1974-82)



Claudia Jezabel Pina Navarro









From Foes to Friends: The Relationship Between OPEC and Norway



Dag Harald Claes









Taking a Leaf out of OPEC's Book? The Significance of Developing Producer Country Models for State Involvement in North Sea Oil Production



Eivind Thomassen









OPEC and Russia: A Happy Pro Forma Marriage



Mikhail Krutikhin and Indra Overland








Part IV: OPEC and International Energy Governance









Beyond the Texas Railroad Commission: Thirty Years of American Precedent for OPEC



Ellen R. Wald









The Road Not Taken: Frank Hendryx and the Proposal to Restructure Petroleum Concessions in the Middle East after the Venezuelan Pattern



Juan Carlos Boue









OPEC's Struggle for International Recognition (1960-65): How a Denied Seat Agreement in Switzerland Influenced the Early Development of OPEC



Fabian Trinkler









When Modern Terrorism Began: the OPEC Hostage Taking of 1975



Thomas Riegler









OPEC and the Financialization of the Oil Market



Dag Harald Claes and John H. Moe









OPEC as a Political Club



Jeff D. Colgan









OPEC - From Peak to Peak: The History of 'Peak Oil' and its Relevance for OPEC



Oystein Noreng









What Role for OPEC in the Last Generation of Oil?





Greg Muttitt

Om forfatteren

Dag Harald Claes is Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Oslo. He is a former Research Fellow of the Fridtjof Nansen Institute and Senior Research Fellow in the ARENA program at the University of Oslo. Professor Claes has published studies of oil-producer cooperation, conflict and cooperation in oil and gas markets, Arctic oil and gas, the energy relations between Norway and the European Union, and the role of oil in Middle East conflicts.


Giuliano Garavini teaches international history at Roma Tre University in Rome. He has taught and received fellowships at various institutions including NYU Abu Dhabi, the European University Institute (EUI), the Graduate Institute in Geneva, the University of Bologna and the University of Padua. He has mainly written about European integration, decolonization and the Global South, the history of energy and petroleum.