This publication sets out a framework for measuring the importance of the digital economy in national and global production
processes. Amid the growing interest in the digitalization of socioeconomic activities, there is a lack of consensus on an
established framework to estimate the digital economy. This report proposes a definition of the core digital economy and an
input-output analytical framework to measure it. Applying this framework to selected economies and years, it finds that the
digital economy and digitally dependent industries contribute a significant portion of gross domestic product. It examines
key digital economy phenomena and trends in relation to sectoral links, temporal price changes, jobs, global value chains,
the COVID-19 pandemic, and Industry 4.0.