Meny
 

The Life of Permafrost

A History of Frozen Earth in Russian and Soviet Science

In the Anthropocene, the thawing of frozen earth due to global warming has drawn worldwide attention to permafrost. Contemporary scientists define permafrost as ground that maintains a negative temperature for at least two years. Les mer
Vår pris
961,-

(Innbundet) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Usikker levering*
*Vi bestiller varen fra forlag i utlandet. Dersom varen finnes, sender vi den så snart vi får den til lager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Innbundet
Legg i
Innbundet
Legg i
Vår pris: 961,-

(Innbundet) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Usikker levering*
*Vi bestiller varen fra forlag i utlandet. Dersom varen finnes, sender vi den så snart vi får den til lager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Om boka

In the Anthropocene, the thawing of frozen earth due to global warming has drawn worldwide attention to permafrost. Contemporary scientists define permafrost as ground that maintains a negative temperature for at least two years. But where did this particular conception of permafrost originate, and what alternatives existed?


The Life of Permafrost provides an intellectual history of permafrost, placing the phenomenon squarely in the political, social, and material context of Russian and Soviet science. Pey-Yi Chu shows that understandings of frozen earth were shaped by two key experiences in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. On one hand, the colonization and industrialization of Siberia nourished an engineering perspective on frozen earth that viewed the phenomenon as an aggregate physical structure: ground. On the other, a Russian and Soviet tradition of systems thinking encouraged approaching frozen earth as a process, condition, and space tied to planetary exchanges of energy and matter. Aided by the US militarization of the Arctic during the Cold War, the engineering view of frozen earth as an obstacle to construction became dominant. The Life of Permafrost tells the fascinating story of how permafrost came to acquire life as Russian and Soviet scientists studied, named, and defined it.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Acknowledgments


Introduction: Historicizing Permafrost


1. Mapping
The Cold of Eastern Siberia
Birth of a Scientific Object
From Boden-Eis to Eisboden


2. Building
Colonization and Construction
Building on Frozen Earth
The Soil Science of Roads
The Ambiguity of Merzlota


3. Defining
Merzlota as Aggregate Structure
Merzlota as Process
Personal and Institutional Politics
Vechnaia Merzlota in Bolshevik Culture


4. Adapting
From Commission to Institute
Rhetoric of Transforming Nature
Adapting to Frozen Earth
Survival of the Systems Approach


5. Translating
Birth of Permafrost
Criticism and Self-criticism
From Merzlotovedenie to Geocryology
The Dialectic Persists


Epilogue: Resurrecting


Glossary
Bibliography

Om forfatteren

Pey-Yi Chu is an associate professor of history at Pomona College.