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The Emergence of the Welfare State in Britain and Germany

1850-1950

Wolfgang Mommsen (Redaktør)

Serie: Routledge Library Editions: Welfare and the State 15

Originally published in 1981 The Emergence of the Welfare State in Britain and Germany 1850-1950 is an edited collection on the history and future prospects of the modern welfare state. It attempts to pave the way for an analysis of the problems of the welfare state and its historical origins, and the likely future that transcends the nation-state orientated historical accounts. Les mer
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Om boka

Originally published in 1981 The Emergence of the Welfare State in Britain and Germany 1850-1950 is an edited collection on the history and future prospects of the modern welfare state. It attempts to pave the way for an analysis of the problems of the welfare state and its historical origins, and the likely future that transcends the nation-state orientated historical accounts. This collection of essays seeks to promote an interdisciplinary approach to the problems of the welfare state in two industrial societies. So far historians and social scientists concerned with this field of research have tended to work in isolation from one another, without mutual exchange of knowledge and using different methods. This book attempts to give equal scope to both perspectives.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

List of Tables


List of Figures


List of Abbreviations


Preface


Part I: The Historical Foundations of the Welfare State


1. The English Poor Law and the Origins of the British Welfare State, Derek Fraser


2. English Social Policy Around the Middle of the Nineteenth Century as seen by German Social Reformers, Jurgen Reulecke


3. The Crisis of Poor Relief in England 1860-1890, Michael E. Rose


4. Bismarck's Social Legislation: A Genuine Breakthrough?, Jurgen Tampke


5. The Origins of British National Insurance and the German Precedent 1880-1914, E. Peter Hennock


6. The British Business Community, Social Insurance and the German Example, Roy Hay


7. German Industry and Bismarck's Social Security System, Hans-Peter Ullmann


8. State and Unemployment in Germany 1890-1918 (Labour Exchanges, Job Creation and Unemployment Insurance), Anselm Faust


Part II: Unemployment and the Crisis of the Welfare Policies in the Interwar Period


9. Keynes and the Treasury View: The Case for and Against an Active Unemployment Policy in Britain 1920-1939, Robert Skidelsky


10. The Crisis of German Unemployment Insurance in 1928/1929 and its Political Repercussions, Bernd Weisbrod


11. Creation of Employment as a Welfare Policy. The Final Phase of the Weimar Republic, Michael Wolffsohn


Part III: The Breakthrough of the Welfare State after the Second World War


12. Some Aspects of Social Policy in Britain during the Second World War, Jose Harris


13. Bureaucracy and Innovation in British Welfare Policy 1870-1945, Roger Davidson and Rodney Lowe


14. The Social Policy of the Attlee Government, Jurgen C. Hess


15. German Post-War Social Policies Against the Background of the Beveridge Plan. Some Observations Preparatory to a Comparative Analysis, Hans Gunther Hockerts


Part IV: Past and Future of the Welfare State in Social-Scientific Perspective


16. Solution or Source of Crises? The Welfare State in Historical Perspective, Peter Flora


17. Comments on Professor Peter Flora's Analytical Perspective of the Welfare State, Gaston V. Rimlinger


18. The Future of the Welfare State, Frieder Naschold


19. The End of the Welfare State? Graham J. Room


20. From the National Welfare State to the International Welfare System, Karl W. Deutsch


Index

Om forfatteren

Wolfgang Justin Mommsen was a German historian. Mommsen's overall work reflects three major shifts in post-war German historiography. First, as the primacy-of-domestic-policy thesis gained ground, Mommsen placed particular emphasis on the domestic factors that influence policymaking under the Bismarckian, the Wilhelminian, and the Third Reich. Second, by using his experience from the study of Imperial Germany to shed light on the problems of interwar Germany, he underlined continuities in German history and contributed to the historicization of the Third Reich. Finally, although Mommsen located certain peculiarities in the German state and society, he treated German history, not in isolation from, but in firm connection with historical developments in the rest of Europe.