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The Politics of Memory of the Second World War in Contemporary Serbia

Collaboration, Resistance and Retribution

Exploring the concepts of collaboration, resistance, and postwar retribution and focusing on the Chetnik movement, this book analyses the politics of memory.


Since the overthrow of Slobodan Milosevic in 2000, memory politics in Serbia has undergone drastic changes in the way in which the Second World War and its aftermath is understood and interpreted. Les mer
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Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
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Om boka

Exploring the concepts of collaboration, resistance, and postwar retribution and focusing on the Chetnik movement, this book analyses the politics of memory.


Since the overthrow of Slobodan Milosevic in 2000, memory politics in Serbia has undergone drastic changes in the way in which the Second World War and its aftermath is understood and interpreted. The glorification and romanticisation of the Yugoslav Army in the Homeland, more commonly referred to as the Chetnik movement, has become the central theme of Serbia's memory politics during this period. The book traces their construction as a national antifascist movement equal to the communist-led Partisans and as victims of communism, showing the parallel justification and denial of their wartime activities of collaboration and mass atrocities. The multifaceted approach of this book combines a diachronic perspective that illuminates the continuities and ruptures of narratives, actors and practices, with in-depth analysis of contemporary Serbia, rooted in ethnographic fieldwork and exploring multiple levels of memory work and their interactions.


It will appeal to students and academics working on contemporary history of the region, memory studies, sociology, public history, transitional justice, human rights and Southeast and East European Studies.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

1. Introduction


Collaboration, resistance and retribution in Yugoslavia


Memory politics in post-Milosevic Serbia: between anti-communism and ethnicisation


The context of the book: postsocialism


Memory and law: Serbia's pseudo-transitional justice


Approach


Outline


2. Exploring politics of memory


History of memory


Politicality of memory


State agency


Pluralities, struggles and layers


Post-Yugoslav Serbia as a case study


3. Yugoslav memory culture and its downfall


Yugoslav war memory


Main mnemonic agency


Reception of memory politics beyond compliance and rejection


Remembering the collaboration


When history outpoured


4. The Milosevic era


Changes and continuities


The anti-communist opposition


Between the Chetnik revival and commemorations of the postwar retribution


Ravna Gora gatherings


5. Memory politics in post-Milosevic Serbia


The war and its aftermath in the hegemonic narratives


Purging Yugoslavia from the public


National reconciliation: ending the civil war within the Serbian nation


Imaginations of the Chetniks


The Chetniks as victims of communism


6. Unearthing the past


The Mihailovic Commission


The State Commission for Secret Graves


The quest for the grave of Dragoljub Mihailovic


Informalities and failures of official fact-finding endeavours


7. Anti-communist memory politics from below


Symbolic nature of state efforts


Non-state actors


Commemorative practices from below


The symbolic power


8. History, memory and law


Equalising the Chetniks and the Partisans


Rehabilitation legislation


Telling histories in the courtroom


Judicial abolishment of the uprising


Rehabilitation from below


9. Rehabilitation of Dragoljub Mihailovic


Agency behind the court case


The Second World War in the courtroom


Historians as expert witnesses


Interventions against the process


Discussing the 1946 trial


Plaintiffs' claims summarised: the court decision


10. Conclusion

Om forfatteren

Jelena Dureinovic holds a PhD in Modern and Contemporary History from Justus Liebig University in Giessen, Germany, where she teaches in the Department of History. Her research deals with the history and politics of memory of the Second World War in Yugoslavia and the post-Yugoslav space with the focus on the process of reinterpretation of the Chetnik movement in Serbia. She was a visiting research fellow at the Moore Institute in Galway, the Centre for Southeast European Studies at the University of Graz and the Institute of Culture and Memory Studies in the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. She has published on Europeanisation and memory politics, memory laws, discourses of victimhood under communism and relations between memory cultures in Croatia and Serbia.