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Dante's Paradiso and the Theological Origins of Modern Thought

Toward a Speculative Philosophy of Self-Reflection

Self-reflection, as the hallmark of the modern age, originates more profoundly with Dante than with Descartes. This book rewrites modern intellectual history, taking Dante's lyrical language in Paradiso as enacting a Trinitarian self-reflexivity that gives a theological spin to the birth of the modern subject already with the Troubadours. Les mer
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Om boka

Self-reflection, as the hallmark of the modern age, originates more profoundly with Dante than with Descartes. This book rewrites modern intellectual history, taking Dante's lyrical language in Paradiso as enacting a Trinitarian self-reflexivity that gives a theological spin to the birth of the modern subject already with the Troubadours. The ever more intense self-reflexivity that has led to our contemporary secular world and its technological apocalypse can lead also to the poetic vision of other worlds such as those experienced by Dante. Facing the same nominalist crisis as Duns Scotus, his exact contemporary and the precursor of scientific method, Dante's thought and work indicate an alternative modernity along the path not taken. This other way shows up in Nicholas of Cusa's conjectural science and in Giambattista Vico's new science of imagination as alternatives to the exclusive reign of positive empirical science. In continuity with Dante's vision, they contribute to a reappropriation of self-reflection for the humanities.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

PROLOGUE





AKCNOWLEDGMENTS





INTRODUCTION: The Theological Apotheosis of Lyric in Dante's Paradiso


1. Self-Reflexion and Lyricism in the Paradiso


2. Orientation to Philosophical Logics and Rhetorics of Self-Reflexivity


3. Self-Reflexive Lyricism and Ineffability





PART I. The Paradiso's Theology of Language and its Lyric Origins: Out of the Abyss





4. The Self-Reflexive Trinitarian Structure of God and Creation


5. Beyond Representation-Origins of Lyric Reflection in Nothing


6. The Circularity of Song-and its Mystic Upshot


7. Self-Reflexive Fulfillment in Lyric Tradition and its Theological Troping by Dante


8. The Lark Motif and its Echoes


9. An Otherness Beyond Objective Representation and Reference


10. The Mother Bird's Vigil-Canto XXIII and the Lyric Circle


11. Ineffability in the Round-and its Breakthrough


12. The Substance of Creation as Divine Self-Reflection


13. Eclipse of Trinity and Incarnation as Models of Transcendence through Self-Reflection


14. Narcissus and his Redemption by Dante


PART II. Self-Reflection on the Threshold between the Middle Ages and Modernity: A Theological Genealogy of the Birthing of Modernity as the Age of Representation





15. Self-Reflective Refoundation of Consciousness in Philosophy


16. From Postmodern to Premodern Critique of Self-Reflection-Egolology versus Theology


17. Self-Reflection in the Turning from Medieval to Modern Epistemology


18. Crisis of Conflicting Worldviews and Duns Scotus


19. Towards the Self-Reflexive Formation of Transcendental Concepts


20. Severance of Theory from Practice, Disentangling of Infinite from Finite, by Transcendental Reflection


21. Scotus's Discovery of a New Path for Metaphysics-Intensities of Being


22. Scotus's Formal Distinction


23. The Intensional Object of Onto-theology as Transcendental Science


24. Phenomenological Reduction and the Univocity of Being


25. The Epistemological Turn in the Formal Understanding of Being


26. Signification of the Real and an Autonomous Sphere for Representation


27. Objective Representation-Beyond Naming and Desiring the Divine


28. Conceptual Production of "Objective" Being-The Way of Representation


29. From Logical (Dis)Analogy to Imaginative Conjecture versus the Forgetting of Being


30. Reflective Repetition Realized in the Supersensible Reality of Willing


31. Fichte's Absolutization-and Overcoming-of Self-Reflection


32. From Analogy to Metaphor


33. Univocity as Ground of the Autonomy of the Secular


34. The Fate of Negative Theology in Scotus


35. Coda on Scotus and Modality


36. Arabic Epistemology of Reflection of Transcendence


PART III. The Origin of Language in Reflection and the Breaking of its Circuits: Overcoming the Age of Representation through Repetition





37. The Tradition of Self-Reflection and Modern Self-Forgetting


38. The Original Event of Language in Modern Lyric Tradition


39. The New Rhetoric of Reflexivity in Geoffrey de Vinsauf


40. Poetic Self-Referentiality as Creative Source-From Paradiso to les Symbolistes


41. The Paradox of Lyric as Song of the Self-Deflected to the Other


42. Self and Other between Order and Chance-Ambiguity in Lyric Language


43. Language beyond Representation-Repetition and Performativity


44. Quest for the Origin of Language-From De vulgari eloquentia to the Paradiso


45. Dante's Recovery of Speculative Metaphysics as Productive


46. Referentially Empty Signs and Semiotic Plenitude


47. Sum-Lyric as Self-Manifestation of Language and its Ontological Power of Creation


PART IV. Self-Reflection, Speculation, and Revelation: Modern Philosophy and the Linguistic Way to Wisdom in Western Tradition





48. Lacanian Psychoanalytics of Self-love: From the In-fantile to the Divine


49. Formal Linguistic Approaches to Self-Reflexivity


50. Formalist Theory of the Poem and Agamben's "La fine del poema"


51. Self-Reflexivity and Self-Transcendence-Toward the Unknown


52. The Ambiguity of Self-Reflection in Contemporary Thought and History


53. The Historical Turn of Self-Reflection in Vico's New Science


54. Self-Reflexivity in Paradiso and the Secular Destiny of the West


55. Language as Speculative Mirroring of the Whole of Being in the Word-Gadamer


56. From Philosophical Idealism to Linguistic Ontology


57. Language as Revelation or Revealment


58. Language as Disclosure in Lyric Time: Heidegger, Heraclitus, and Unconcealment





PART V. Dante's Redemption of Narcissus and the Spiritual Vocation of Poetry as an Exercise in Self-Reflection





59. Lyric Subjectivity and Narcissism-Totalization and Transcendence


60. Narcissus Redeemed-Positive Precedents from Plotinus


61. Lyric Self-Reflection and the Subversion of the Proper


62. Lyric Language as Spiritual Knowledge in its Sensual Immediacy-Orphic Echoes


63. The Exaltation of Technique in the Troubadours and in Dante's Stony Rhymes


64. Lyric Reflexivity in Panoptic Historical-Philosophical Perspective


65. Romantic Singularity as a New Universal Reflexivity


66. Dante's Narcissus Redeemed-A Perennial Paradigm for Contemporary Thought





EPILOGUE. Reflexive Stylistics in the Language of Paradiso





POSTSCRIPT ON METHOD. From Genealogy to Apophatics





INDEX

Om forfatteren

William Franke is a philosopher of the humanities, a Dante scholar, and professor of comparative literature and religion at Vanderbilt University. He has also been professor and chair of philosophy at the University of Macao (2013-16); Fulbright-University of Salzburg Distinguished Chair in Intercultural Theology and the Study of Religion (2006-07); and Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung research fellow at the University of Potsdam (1994-95).