Introduction to the Theory of Radiopolarimetric Navigation Systems
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The purpose of this book is to develop the foundations for creating autonomous radionavigation systems to provide aviation with navigation systems that will substantially increase its capabilities, specifically acting where satellite technologies do not work. The book is intended for specialists involved in the development and operation of aviation-technical complexes, as well as for specialists of national aviation regulators and ICAO experts dealing with the problems of improving flight safety.
SECTION 1. POLARIZATION STRUCTURE OF THE AUTONOMOUS RADIONAVIGATION SYSTEMS SIGNALS
1. Radiophysical provision of radiopolarimetric navigation systems.
1.1. Basic concepts and definitions of radiopolarimetry.
1.2. Interconnection and comparison of different forms of signals polarization state in radiopolarimetric navigation systems.
1.3. Polarization bases used to analyze the signals.
1.3.1. Expansion of polarized radionavigation systems signals in orthogonal polarization bases.
1.3.2. Expansion of polarized radionavigation systems signals in affine polarization bases.
1.4. Basic characteristics of probability representations of the signals polarization structure.
1.5. Quaternion representation of the signals polarization state in navigation systems.
2. Analysis of the signals polarization of radiopolarimetric navigation systems using coordinate components
2.1. Quadrature components
2.1.1. Basic properties and transformations
2.1.2. Probabilistic descriptions
2.2. Complex components
2.2.1. Basic properties and transformations
2.2.2. Probabilistic description The Gaussian case.
2.2.3. Approximation of probabilistic models.
2.2.4. Probabilistic description. The Non-Gaussian case.
2.3. Coordinate components with broadband signals.
2.4. The representation of the ultra-broadband signals polarization state of navigation systems.
3. Analysis of the signal polarization state of navigation systems based on energy characteristics.
3.1. The Coherence matrix
3.1.1. Basic properties and transformations
3.1.2. Probabilistic description
3.2. The Stokes parameters
3.2.1. Basic properties and transformations
2.2.3. Probabilistic description The Gaussian case.
3.2.3. Probabilistic description The Non-Gaussian case.
3.3. The Loss matrix
3.3.1. Basic properties and transformations
3.3.2. Influence of spectral characteristics of radio waves on their polarization properties.
4. Analysis of the signal polarization of navigation systems in the plane of
4.1. Polarization phasor
4.1.1. Basic properties and transformations
4.1.2. Probabilistic description The Gaussian case.
4.1.3. Probabilistic description The Non-Gaussian case.
4.2. Polarization ellipse
4.2.1. Probabilistic des