When the British colonial power in the nineteenth century extended its influence to the mountainous borderland between India
and Burma, it brought about an era of fundamental cultural changes for the native Naga tribes. The guns of the conquerors
were followed by the dogmas of the missionaries, as well as the drawing pens and cameras of the documentarians. Their pictures
and artifacts soon found their way onto the tables of parlors and into Europe's museums. The spectacular material culture
with its individualistic aesthetics, along with the fascination of headhunting, soon led to the Naga being stylized as the
epitome of 'noble savages'. The pictorial documentation of the tribe reached its peak in the 1930s, following the research
expeditions by the Austrian ethnologist Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf and his German colleague Hans-Eberhard Kauffmann.
The photographic heritage of Kauffmann, believed to be lost and then rediscovered by the author, is the focus of this publication.
It attempts, by means of a detailed pictorial ethnography, to reconstruct the aesthetic and cultural reality of the Nagas
in the 1930s, through the ethnographer's lens.
This is contextualized by Furer-Haimendorf 's photographs, alongside other
sources. A detailed introduction presents the working practices and analyzes the biographies of the two ethnographers and
their political and ideological entanglements.