Prosodic Patterns in English Conversation
Language is more than words:
it includes the prosodic features and patterns that we use, subconsciously, to frame meanings and achieve our goals in our
interaction with others. Here, Nigel G. Ward explains how we do this, going beyond intonation to show how pitch, timing, intensity
and voicing properties combine to form meaningful temporal configurations: prosodic constructions. Bringing together new findings
and hitherto-scattered observations from phonetic and pragmatic studies, this book describes over twenty common prosodic patterns
in English conversation. Using examples from real conversations, it illustrates how prosodic constructions serve essential
functions such as inviting, showing approval, taking turns, organizing ideas, reaching agreement, and evoking action. Prosody
helps us establish rapport and nurture relationships, but subtle differences in prosody across languages and subcultures can
be damagingly misunderstood. The findings presented here will enable both native speakers of English and learners to listen
more sensitively and communicate more effectively.
1. Introduction; 2. Bookended narrow pitch regions; 3. Downstep
constructions; 4. Creaky voice and its functions; 5. Perspectives on prosody; 6. Late pitch peak and its functions; 7. Expressing
positive assessments; 8. Superposition; 9. A big-data approach; 10. From patterns to meanings; 11. Turn-taking constructions;
12. Topic management constructions; 13. Stance-related constructions; 14. The rest of English prosody; 15. Envoi.
comprehensive overview of how we use prosody to do things in conversation, such as persuade, suggest, flatter, take turns
and reach agreement.