Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is a group of human and animal infectious diseases caused by nematode parasites of the order Filariidae.
Often neglected, it is one of the oldest and the most debilitating tropical diseases (NTDs), transmitted from human to human
by mosquitoes bites, particularly the brown black mosquito known as Culex quinquifasciatus. LF is a major public health problem
in many parts of the tropics, especially India, which accounts for as much as 40% of total global cases. As a leading cause
of permanent and long-term disability worldwide, the parasite infection imposes a severe physical and socioeconomic burden.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.4 billion people live in high-risk areas - 120 million of which are already
infected with LF, including 22 million children below the age of 15 and about 76 million who suffer from damaged lymphatic
and renal systems.India has made great strides toward eliminating the disease, and these advances are of global significance.
They include early diagnosis mechanisms, vaccine product development, detection of parasites in the vector, and studies on
parasite evolution trends in nature as warning signals. Reports on the successes and failures are needed to enable measures
to be taken to avoid disaster and ensure a smooth transition from endemicity in India to the elimination of lymphatic filariasis
by 2020. This book, which gathers highly original contributions on various subjects related to lymphatic filariasis, discusses
the latest scientific research that will help the nation to achieve this milestone. It also serves as a guide to many other
countries struggling against this highly debilitating and incapacitating disease.