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Technology and Society

Building our Sociotechnical Future

Deborah G. Johnson (Redaktør) ; Jameson M. Wetmore (Redaktør) ; Freeman J. Dyson (Innledning) ; Francis Fukuyama (Innledning) ; E.M. Forster (Innledning) ; Stellan Welin (Innledning) ; Interagency Working Group on Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology (Innledning) ; Bill Joy (Innledning) ; Robert L. Heilbroner (Innledning) ; Trevor Pinch (Innledning)

An anthology of writings by thinkers ranging from Freeman Dyson to Bruno Latour that focuses on the interconnections of technology, society, and values and how these may affect the future.

Technological change does not happen in a vacuum; decisions about which technologies to develop, fund, market, and use engage ideas about values as well as calculations of costs and benefits. Les mer
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Vår pris: 124,-

(Paperback)
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Om boka

An anthology of writings by thinkers ranging from Freeman Dyson to Bruno Latour that focuses on the interconnections of technology, society, and values and how these may affect the future.

Technological change does not happen in a vacuum; decisions about which technologies to develop, fund, market, and use engage ideas about values as well as calculations of costs and benefits. This anthology focuses on the interconnections of technology, society, and values. It offers writings by authorities as varied as Freeman Dyson, Laurence Lessig, Bruno Latour, and Judy Wajcman that will introduce readers to recent thinking about technology and provide them with conceptual tools, a theoretical framework, and knowledge to help understand how technology shapes society and how society shapes technology. It offers readers a new perspective on such current issues as globalization, the balance between security and privacy, environmental justice, and poverty in the developing world. The careful ordering of the selections and the editors' introductions give Technology and Society a coherence and flow that is unusual in anthologies. The book is suitable for use in undergraduate courses in STS and other disciplines. The selections begin with predictions of the future that range from forecasts of technological utopia to cautionary tales. These are followed by writings that explore the complexity of sociotechnical systems, presenting a picture of how technology and society work in step, shaping and being shaped by one another. Finally, the book goes back to considerations of the future, discussing twenty-first-century challenges that include nanotechnology, the role of citizens in technological decisions, and the technologies of human enhancement.

Fakta

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Acknowledgmentsix
Introductionxi




I Visions of a Technological Future

1(92)




``Technology and Social Justice''

5(8)




Freeman J. Dyson





``The Machine Stops''

13(24)




E. M. Forster





``The Prolongation of Life''

37(14)




Francis Fukuyama





``Reproductive Ectogenesis: The Third Era of Human Reproduction and Some Moral Consequences''

51(12)




Stellan Welin





``Nanotechnology: Shaping the World Atom by Atom''

63(6)




``Why the Future Doesn't Need Us''

69(24)




Bill Joy





II The Relationship Between Technology and Society

93(112)




``Do Machines Make History?''

97(10)




Robert L. Heilbroner





``The Social Construction of Facts and Artifacts''

107(34)




Trevor J. Pinch





Wiebe Bijker





``Technological Momentum''

141(10)




Thomas P. Hughes





``Where Are the Missing Masses? The Sociology of a Few Mundane Artifacts''

151(30)




Bruno Latour





``Code Is Law''

181(14)




Lawrence Lessig





``The Intersection of Culture, Gender, and Technology''

195(10)




Patrick D. Hopkins





III Technology and Values

205(114)




``Do Artifacts Have Politics?''

209(18)




Langdon Winner





``Control: Human and Nonhuman Robots''

227(30)




George Ritzer





White

257(8)




Richard Dyer





``Manufacturing Gender in Commercial and Military Cockpit Design''

265(10)




Rachel N. Weber





``Pas de Trois: Science, Technology, and the Marketplace''

275(22)




Daniel Sarewitz





``Amish Technology: Reinforcing Values and Building Community''

297(22)




Jameson M. Wetmore





IV The Complex Nature of Sociotechnical Systems

319(122)




``Will Small Be Beautiful? Making Policies for Our Nanotech Future''

323(32)




W. Patrick McCray





``Sociotechnical Complexity: Redesigning a Shielding Wall''

355(14)




Dominique Vinck





``The Naked Launch: Assigning Blame for the Challenger Explosion''

369(20)




Harry Collins





Trevor Pinch





``Bodies, Machines, and Male Power''

389(18)




M. Carme Alemany Gomez





``Crash!: Nuclear Fuel Flasks and Anti-Misting Kerosene on Trial''

407(16)




Harry Collins





Trevor Pinch





``When Is a Work Around? Conflict and Negotiation in Computer Systems Development''

423(18)




Neil Pollock





V Twenty-First-Century Challenges

441(172)




``Shaping Technology for the `Good Life': The Technological Imperative versus the Social Imperative''

445(14)




Gary Chapman





``The Feminization of Work in the Information Age''

459(16)




Judy Wajcman





``Nanotechnology and the Developing World''

475(10)




Fabio Salamanca-Buentello





Deepa L. Persad





Erin B. Court





Douglas K. Martin





Abdallah S. Daar





Peter A. Singer





``Nanotechnology and the Developing World: Will Nanotechnology Overcome Poverty or Widen Disparities?''

485(14)




Noela Invernizzi





Guillermo Foladori





``People's Science in Action: The Politics of Protest and Knowledge Brokering in India''

499(16)




Roopali Phadke





``Security Trade-Offs Are Subjective'' and ``Technology Creates Security Imbalances''

515(22)




Bruce Schneier





``Questioning Surveillance and Security''

537(28)




Torin Monahan





``Energy, Society, and Environment: Technology for a Sustainable Future

565(14)




David Elliott





``Introduction to Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy

579(20)




Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette





``Icarus 2.0: A Historian's Perspective on Human Biological Enhancement''

599(14)




Michael Bess

Index613

Om forfatteren

Johnson and Wetmore's collection of papers on the interplay between technology and society is the most comprehensive I've seen, exposing just how rich, complex, multidimensional, and vital that interplay actually is. Be prepared for quite an intellectual ride! -- Wm. A. Wulf, Department of Computer Science, University of Virginia, and President Emeritus, National Academy of EngineeringDeborah G. Johnson is Anne Shirley Carter Olsson Professor of Applied Ethics and Department Chair, Department of Science, Technology, and Society at the University of Virginia. Jameson M. Wetmore is Assistant Professor at the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes and the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University. Trevor Pinch is Goldwin Smith Professor of Science and Technology Studies at Cornell University and coeditor of The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology (anniversary edition, MIT Press). Wiebe E. Bijker is Professor at Maastricht University and the author of Of Bicycles, Bakelites, and Bulbs: Toward a Theory of Sociotechnical Change (MIT Press) and other books. Thomas P. Hughes is Professor of the History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. Bruno Latour, a philosopher and anthropologist, is the author of We Have Never Been Modern, An Inquiry into Modes of Existence, Facing Gaia, Down to Earth, and many other books. He coedited (with Peter Weibel) the previous ZKM volumes Making Things Public, ICONOCLASH, and Reset Modernity! (all published by the MIT Press). Langdon Winner is the Thomas Phelan Chair of Humanities and Social Sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Daniel Sarewitz is Professor of Science and Society and Cofounder and Codirector of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes at Arizona State University and the author of Frontiers of Illusion. Jameson M. Wetmore is Assistant Professor at the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes and the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University. W. Patrick McCray, Professor in the History Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara, is the author of four o