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Memory Practices in the Sciences

How the way we hold knowledge about the past-in books, in file folders, in databases-affects the kind of stories we tell about the past.

The way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. Les mer
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Paperback
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Paperback
Legg i
Vår pris: 124,-

(Paperback)
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

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How the way we hold knowledge about the past-in books, in file folders, in databases-affects the kind of stories we tell about the past.

The way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. The ways we hold knowledge about the past-in handwritten manuscripts, in printed books, in file folders, in databases-shape the kind of stories we tell about that past. In this lively and erudite look at the relation of our information infrastructures to our information, Geoffrey Bowker examines how, over the past two hundred years, information technology has converged with the nature and production of scientific knowledge. His story weaves a path between the social and political work of creating an explicit, indexical memory for science-the making of infrastructures-and the variety of ways we continually reconfigure, lose, and regain the past.

At a time when memory is so cheap and its recording is so protean, Bowker reminds us of the centrality of what and how we choose to forget. In Memory Practices in the Sciences he looks at three "memory epochs" of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries and their particular reconstructions and reconfigurations of scientific knowledge. The nineteenth century's central science, geology, mapped both the social and the natural world into a single time package (despite apparent discontinuities), as, in a different way, did mid-twentieth-century cybernetics. Both, Bowker argues, packaged time in ways indexed by their information technologies to permit traffic between the social and natural worlds. Today's sciences of biodiversity, meanwhile, "database the world" in a way that excludes certain spaces, entities, and times. We use the tools of the present to look at the past, says Bowker; we project onto nature our modes of organizing our own affairs.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse















































Acknowledgmentsix
Introduction1(34)




Synchronization and Synchrony in the Archive: Geology and the 1830s

35(40)




The Empty Archive: Cybernetics and the 1960s

75(32)




Databasing the World: Biodiversity and the 2000s

107(30)




The Mnemonic Deep: The Importance of an Unruly Past

137(64)




The Local Knowledge of a Globalizing Ethnos

201(22)
Conclusion223(8)
References231(24)
Inside Technology255(2)
Index257

Om forfatteren

A brilliant and subtle analysis that uncovers and explains how conventions of naming, classifying, recording, and remembering create and preserve human knowledge. This book is required reading for all who do science or want to understand it -- a real tour de force. -- John Leslie King, Dean and Professor, School of Information, University of Michigan An elegantly crafted meditation on a series of historical horizons of memory machines. Social statistics, geological processes, cybernetics, databases, and biodiversity each became master models of and models for their times, recommencing and recommanding what is to be remembered, forgotten, or deemed irrelevant. And yet, Bowker concludes, all knowledge is nonetheless local, and utopian claims to universality, while constructing irreversible infrastructures, nonetheless cannot contain all that is needed for their own maintenance or our human mindful lives. Written with erudition and humor, this is a brilliant exploration of the aporia of our arkhe and archives. -- Michael M.J. Fischer, MIT, author of Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological VoiceGeoffrey C. Bowker is Professor and Director of the Evoke Lab at the University of California, Irvine. He is the coauthor (with Susan Leigh Star) of Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences and the author of Memory Practices in the Sciences, both published by the MIT Press.